Adding 301, 404 redirects in Azure Static Sites

During the migration of this site from Jekyll to Gatsby and swapping the hosting to the newly announced Azure Static Sites, I was left with some URLs that required redirecting.

It’s important to redirect any URLs that have changed to preserve any SEO.

Some of my URLs had shortened:

/code/gamification-concepts-in-software-design

and became:

/gamification-concepts-in-software-design

The preferred redirect for a site migration is 301 which is Moved Permanently. This must be initiated from the server which rules out any clientside manipulation that could be done with Gatsby.

Fortunately, Azure Static Sites allows 301 redirects to be specified in a special routes.json file that exists in the root of your deployed site.

For Gatsby, this meant I placed the file in the /static folder so that it is copied during build time to the root of the site.

The format of a redirect is as follows:

  {
    "route": "/code/gamification-concepts-in-software-design",
    "serve": "/gamification-concepts-in-software-design",
    "statusCode": 301
  },

Wildcards are also supported by using the * character:

  {
    "route": "/code/gamification-concepts-in-software-design*",
    "serve": "/gamification-concepts-in-software-design",
    "statusCode": 301
  },

You can also override default status codes provided in the platform (Azure Static Sites have an inbuilt 404 page and I wanted to redirect to my own custom one):

  "platformErrorOverrides": [
    {
      "errorType": "NotFound",
      "serve": "/404"
    }
  ]

A sample routes.json file may look like this:


{
  "routes": [
    {
      "route": "/code/gamification-concepts-in-software-design",
      "serve": "/gamification-concepts-in-software-design",
      "statusCode": 301
    },
    {
      "route": "/code/netlify-contentful-jamstack",
      "serve": "/netlify-contentful-jamstack",
      "statusCode": 301
    },
    {
      "route": "/music/what-happened-to-kellyclarksonlive",
      "serve": "/what-happened-to-kellyclarksonlive",
      "statusCode": 301
    },
    {
      "route": "/sport/hard-knocks-season-13-australia",
      "serve": "/hard-knocks-season-13-australia",
      "statusCode": 301
    },
    {
      "route": "/code/logging-to-the-dnn-event-log",
      "serve": "/logging-to-the-dnn-event-log",
      "statusCode": 301
    },
    {
      "route": "/code/ventrian-modules-now-on-github",
      "serve": "/ventrian-modules-now-on-github",
      "statusCode": 301
    },
  ],
  "platformErrorOverrides": [
    {
      "errorType": "NotFound",
      "serve": "/404"
    }
  ]
}

You can do many other things with the routes.json file including controlling authorization. You can find more information in the official Microsoft docs.

About the author

For the past two decades, Scott McCulloch has worked with a variety of web technologies. He is currently focused on full-stack development. On his day to day job, he is working as a systems specialist at the NSW State Emergency Service.